How 5G is transforming embedded systems
5G is a fifth-generation cellular network which is more reliable and powerful. It comes with higher performance and more efficiency for end users. In the future, the number of devices connected to the internet will increase from millions to billions with a 5G network. 5G networks provide a great market for embedded devices. Devices with 5G can communicate with each other ten times faster than the current network.
5G can help accomplish high-speed data rates. Many devices can be connected simultaneously. It will drive high-power networks, modernization, and low-latency communication for effective functionality. It will ensure high performance, reliability, scalability, and endurance, simply put it will improve our quality of life. 5G technologies can be integrated with communication networks, mobile products, IoT devices, medical products, autonomous vehicles, smart user devices, security tools, home control appliances, industrial automation and emergency equipment, and more.
5G Transforming Embedded Systems in Various Domains
Basic Model for Data Acquisition
Sensor data will be updated on the cloud via a cellular 5G network using a mobile phone. 5G will increasingly be deployed as virtualized software instances running in data centers.
Cloud computing can be used for the storage of real-time streaming sensor data from the microcontroller board and different types of embedded boards. Cloud can be used for storage, processing, prediction, and visualization of the data recorded from the sensors on the microcontroller board. Live streaming data on the cloud can be updated from the microcontroller board using a 5G network. The microcontroller board has an in-built Wi-Fi module and cellular support to use mobile communication.
The automotive industry will need to embrace 5G technology quickly. 5G technologies can easily get updates for public transport in real time. This will help connect to bus stops, trucks, and cars to track vehicle location and engine diagnostics. The next-generation car should not be self-driving, but a mobile IoT device that senses its local environment and communicates with cloud-based platforms. In case of a possible road mishap, information can be transmitted to the emergency numbers through a 5G network in quicker time.
In agricultural research, IoT devices can monitor and manage plants. In this case, a connected device continuously monitors present weather conditions such as temperature, humidity, sunlight, and the soil condition. This data from remote monitoring can help maintain plant growth.
Medical devices will be introducing 5G technology soon. In situations such as the present with a pandemic, doctors can monitor patients remotely and get the data from the health monitoring system using 5G. During remote monitoring, the patient will be able to connect to different types of biomedical sensors such as body temperature, pulse, and oxygen in blood sensor, blood pressure, and ECG, among others. This data will be updated in the doctor's cabin and nurses will also be able to monitor a number of patients with the help of health monitoring systems. Real-time monitoring systems would be useful in an emergency to ensure remote monitoring without time lag.
5G technology will be involved in different areas and will be strongly involved in the global markets for Internet of things, portable medical devices, industrial and surgical robotics, automotive industries, telecom service providers, home automation, smart cities and more.